Germany Students Health Insurance Companies 2024

Health Insurance Policy for Students in Germany
Health Insurance Policy for Students in Germany

Health Insurance Policy for Students in Germany: A Comprehensive Guide

When planning to study in Germany, securing the right health insurance is crucial. Germany mandates health insurance for all residents, including international students. This blog will provide a detailed overview of the types of health insurance available for students in Germany, the merits and demerits of each option, and valuable information to help you make an informed decision.

Types of Health Insurance in Germany

1. Public Health Insurance (Gesetzliche Krankenversicherung – GKV)

Public health insurance is the most common type of health insurance in Germany. It is typically used by residents, employees, and students.


  • Comprehensive Coverage: GKV covers a wide range of medical services, including doctor visits, hospital stays, prescription medications, mental health services, and preventive care. This ensures that students have access to necessary medical treatments without additional financial burdens.
  • Standardized Benefits: The benefits are standardized across all public health insurance providers, ensuring consistent coverage regardless of the insurer. This standardization means that you will receive the same level of care and services from any GKV provider.
  • Affordable for Students: Students enjoy lower premiums compared to regular contributors. As of 2024, the monthly premium for students is approximately €110, which is subsidized to make it affordable.
  • No Discrimination: Coverage is not dependent on pre-existing conditions or age. All students under the age of 30 are eligible for GKV, ensuring broad access to healthcare services.


  • Limited Choice of Providers: Public health insurance limits your choice to doctors and hospitals within the GKV network. While the network is extensive, it may restrict access to certain private clinics or specialists.
  • Fixed Contribution Rates: Contributions are based on a percentage of your income, which can be a disadvantage if your income increases. For students, this is less of an issue, but it is something to consider as your financial situation changes.


Some of the prominent public health insurance providers in Germany include:

  • Techniker Krankenkasse (TK)
  • AOK
  • Barmer
  • DAK

2. Private Health Insurance (Private Krankenversicherung – PKV)

Private health insurance is another option available to students, particularly those over 30 years old or those who are not eligible for public health insurance.


  • Flexible Coverage: PKV offers customizable plans with various coverage options tailored to individual needs. This flexibility allows students to select coverage that best fits their medical and financial requirements.
  • Access to Private Healthcare: PKV allows access to private doctors and hospitals, often resulting in shorter wait times and potentially higher quality care. This can be particularly beneficial for specialized treatments or procedures.
  • Reimbursement Model: Generally operates on a reimbursement model, where you pay upfront and get reimbursed by the insurance provider. This system can provide more direct control over healthcare expenditures.


  • Higher Costs: Premiums can be higher, especially for older students or those with pre-existing conditions. Over time, the costs can become significant.
  • Complex Policies: Policies can be complex, with varying levels of coverage and exclusions, making it essential to read the fine print carefully. Understanding the specific terms and conditions is crucial to avoid unexpected expenses.
  • Age and Health-Based Pricing: Premiums are often calculated based on age and health status, which can lead to higher costs over time. This pricing model may become increasingly unaffordable as students age or if their health status changes.


Some of the prominent private health insurance providers include:

  • Allianz
  • AXA
  • Mawista

3. Travel Insurance with Health Coverage

For students staying in Germany for a short period, travel insurance with health coverage might be an option. This is typically more relevant for exchange students or those in short-term programs.


  • Short-Term Coverage: Ideal for students staying for less than a year. It provides essential coverage without the commitment of long-term insurance plans.
  • Affordable: Generally cheaper than long-term health insurance options. This affordability makes it an attractive option for short-term stays.
  • Easy to Obtain: Can be purchased quickly and easily online, providing immediate coverage for short-term needs.


  • Limited Coverage: Coverage is often limited to emergencies and does not cover routine medical care. This limitation can result in additional out-of-pocket expenses for regular healthcare needs.
  • Not Suitable for Long-Term Stays: Not appropriate for students planning to stay for longer than a year as it doesn’t meet German residency requirements. Long-term students will need to transition to either GKV or PKV.


Some travel insurance providers offering health coverage include:

  • World Nomads
  • Allianz Travel Insurance
  • AXA Travel Insurance

Comparison Table

Feature Public Health Insurance (GKV) Private Health Insurance (PKV) Travel Insurance with Health Coverage
Coverage Comprehensive, standardized benefits Customizable, often more extensive Limited to emergencies
Cost for Students Approximately €110 per month Varies, generally higher Generally lower, short-term only
Access to Providers Limited to GKV network Private doctors and hospitals Emergency services only
Premium Calculation Fixed, based on student status Based on age, health, and coverage Flat rate, based on duration
Reimbursement Model Direct billing Reimbursement model Direct billing
Eligibility All students under 30 Students over 30, those not eligible for GKV Short-term students
Pre-existing Conditions Covered May affect premium Limited or not covered

How to Choose the Right Health Insurance

Factors to Consider

  1. Duration of Stay: If you’re staying in Germany for more than a year, public or private health insurance is required. For short-term stays, travel insurance might be sufficient.
  2. Age: Students under 30 generally benefit more from public health insurance due to lower premiums. Over 30, private insurance might be the only option.
  3. Budget: Evaluate your budget and choose a plan that balances cost with coverage. Public insurance is typically more affordable for students.
  4. Health Needs: Consider any pre-existing conditions or specific health needs that might require more comprehensive coverage.
  5. Language Proficiency: Ensure you understand the terms and conditions of the insurance policy, which are often in German.

Steps to Obtain Health Insurance

  1. Research: Compare different health insurance providers and plans. Use online tools and resources to gather information.
  2. Consult: Seek advice from the international office at your university. They can provide guidance on choosing the right insurance.
  3. Apply: Complete the application process with the chosen provider. Be prepared to provide necessary documents, such as proof of enrollment and identification.
  4. Registration: Upon arrival in Germany, register with your local health insurance provider. Ensure you receive your insurance card and policy documents.
  5. Use Your Insurance: Familiarize yourself with the process of using your insurance for medical services. Keep all necessary documents and contacts handy.


Choosing the right health insurance policy as a student in Germany depends on several factors, including your age, length of stay, budget, and personal preferences. Public health insurance (GKV) is generally the most affordable and comprehensive option for students under 30. For those over 30 or looking for more flexibility, private health insurance (PKV) offers extensive coverage but at a higher cost. Short-term students might find travel insurance with health coverage to be the most practical solution.

It is crucial to research and compare different health insurance policies and providers to find the one that best suits your needs. Make sure to read the terms and conditions carefully and seek advice if needed to ensure you are fully covered during your stay in Germany. For more detailed information, visit the official websites of the respective insurance providers and explore the options available to you.

Written by Team Educads

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