Political Science paper 1,2004

NOTE: Attempt FIVE questions in all, including question No. 8 which is COMPULSORY. Select at least TWO QUESTIONS from each of the SECTIONS ‘A’ AND ‘B’. All questions carry EQUAL marks.


1-Examine the main similarities and differences in the Political Ideas of Plato and Aristotle.
(a) Examine the nature of the contract expounded by Locke revolving in the establishment of the Civil Society. (10)
(b) How Montesquieu classify government? Which form he considers to be the best?

2-Give reasons for your answer. (10)
“The Imamate is established to replace prophecy in the defence of faith and the administration of the world”. Elaborate this statement of Al-Mawardi with reference to his Theory of Jmarnate.

3-Write short notes on the following:-
(a) Political Philosophy of Karl Marx
(c) AI-FarabPs Concept of State


5-How General Will of a Societyii formulated? Discuss in the light of Rousseau’s interpretation, on the conclusions, characteristics and criticism of the Theory of Genera! Will.

6-What are the agencies available for formation and expression of public opinion. Also discuss the methods of influencing pi hiic opinion.

7. (a) What are the powers and functions of an executive as a second great organ of the Government. (10)
(b) Discuss the principles of “Fascism” highlighting its historical background. (10)


8. Write only the correct answer in the Answer Book, Do not reproduce the question.

(1) According to Aristotle the end of State is:-
(a) Logical
(b) * Legal
(c) Ethical
(d) None of these

(2) Al-Farabi by birth was:-
(a) Afghani
(b) Irani
(c) Turk
(d) None of these

(3) Al-Mawardi was a jurist who followed the fiqah of:
(a) Imam Malik
(b) Imam Shafi
(c) Imam Abu Hanifa
(d) None of these

(4) Jean Jacques Rousseau was born at:
(a) London
(b) Paris
(c) Geneva
(d) None of these

(5) According to John Locke, the best form of Government is:
(a) Monarchy –
(b) Aristocracy
(c) Democracy
(d) None of these

(6) The term, “anarchism” has been derived from and word ‘anarchia’ which is basically a:
(a) Greek word
(b) Latin word
(c) French word
(d) None of these

(7) Anarchism is the extrerhe left wing of Socialism. It was first expounded as political doctrine by:
(a) William Godwin
(b) Prince Kropotkin
(c) Proudhon
(d) None of these

(8) “Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation (1789)” Was written by:
(a) Jeremy Bentham
(b) J.S. Mill
(c) John Locke
(d) None of these

(9) “Iqtisad-Fil-Itiqad” was written by:
(a) Al-Mawardi
(b) AI-Farabi
(c) AI-Ghazali
(d) None of these

(10) “SiyaSat Namahr” was written by:
(a) Nizam-ul-Mulk
(b) AI-Ghazali
(c) Ibn-Khaldun
d) None of these

(11) “Ilmul-Iqtisad” was written by:
(a) AI-Ghazali
(b) AI-Mawardi
(c) Allama Iqbal
(d) None of these

(12) “Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam” was written by:
(a) Rosenthal
(b) Mawardi
(c) Ibn-Khuldun
(d) None of these

(13) A Discourse on the origin of Inequality and Social Contract was presented by:
(a) Hobbes
(b) Locke
(c) Rousseau
(d) None of these

(14) According to Allama Iqbal in which form of Government heads are counted:
(a) Oligarchy
(b) Democracy
(c) Polity
(d) None of these

(15) The turning point in the life of Plato came in the years 399 BC, when he was of:
(a) 28 years
(b) 20 years
(c) 24 years
(d) None of these

(16) The Great Political Scientist/Philosopher Aristocles died in the year:
(a) 347 BC
(b) 322 BC
(c) 304 BC
(d) None of these

(17) Plato went to Syracuse to teach philosophy to the tyrant Kind Dionysus but returned disappointed and opened his Academy. He wrote treatises in the form of dialogue upto the number of:
(a) 32
(b) 36
(c) 38
(d) None of these

(18) ‘ The Great but ungrateful pupil of his Master who was born in 384 BC was:
(a) Socrates
(b) Aristocles
(c) Aristotle
(d) None of these

(19) The Fascism of Plato got birth in 4th Century BC, whereas the modern Fascism is the Product of early:
(a) 18th Century
(b) 19th Century
(c) 20th Century
(d) None of these

(20) “An Essay Concerning Human understanding” was published in 1690, is.the most important work of:
(a) JSMill ,
(b) Bentham
(c) Thomas Hobbes
(d) None of these

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Political Science paper 2,2004